5.8 Creating Custom Validators for Reactive Forms
In this lesson you'll learn how to create a custom validator that we can use when building a reactive form.
1.Introduction6 lessons, 42:00
2.Get Started With Angular7 lessons, 42:38
3.Core Concepts7 lessons, 55:20
4.Template Deep Dive11 lessons, 1:10:56
5.Forms10 lessons, 1:45:41
6.Routing9 lessons, 1:15:10
7.Using the HTTP Client5 lessons, 56:24
8.Testing10 lessons, 1:23:27
9.Building for Production1 lesson, 03:40
10.Conclusion1 lesson, 01:32
5.8 Creating Custom Validators for Reactive Forms
Hi, folks. In this lesson we're going to see how we can create a custom validator that we can use with a reactive form. The difference between creating a validator for a reactive form compared to creating a validator for a template driven form. Is that with a reactive form, we don't have to wrap the validator in a directive, and that means that our code is a little bit smaller and a little bit simpler, and that can only be a good thing, right? In the last lesson, we created a directive-based validator that we added to an elements within a template. We could use this directive on the input in the template for our reactive form if we wanted to, And it would work in exactly the same way. So we could just add a new error message for this particular error below the existing one. So notice that we used another convenience method here, the get error method, which allows us to get the value of a specific named error. And this helps to avoid interacting with complex nested object structures, and avoids template errors in the case where the error objects does not yet exist. So let's just go back to the browser and see if this works. And we can see that it does. So, we can use a directive-based validator in a reactive form if we want to, no problem at all. But the point that I wanna make it, is that we can create a pure validator which we can use for the reactive form. But this won't work with a template-driven form. So we can use a validating directive in both a template-driven form and a reactive form, but we can only use a pure validator in a reactive form. So we're going to create a custom validator in this lesson, and that's gonna be for the feedback form which as we know is a reactive form. So for this one, let's validate that the message that gets entered into the text area isn't in all capitals. If it is, the sender is probably quite angry and we don't wanna receive messages from angry people. We can't use the CLI to generate a validator yet, unfortunately, so we'll just have to create this file ourselves. Let's start by creating an underscore validators folder. Like most of the other things that we've created, validators should be super generic and we could use them in many places through our app. So they don't belong to any particular component or feature. So let's call our validator, not-or-caps.validator.ts. So first of all we'll need to import some things from the Angular. We only need a couple of things here. We need the abstract control class, just for type information really, and the Validator Fn interface, again mostly just for typing information. So now we can add the validator itself, which is just a simple function. And I've spelled abstract control wrong, let's just fix that quickly. So we're exporting a function called, not all caps, but notice that the function returns another function. The function that it returns is a validator function. So the function that gets returned from our validator will be the function that Angular invokes and passes a control to in order to validate it. So this is pretty similar to the other validator that we created in the last lesson, it will also return an object if the validation fails. We've used an array function here, and this function will receive a control and that will be of the type, abstract control. And this will be the control from the form that is being validated. So inside the validation function then, we just want to test whether the whole of the value of the text area is in upper case. And if so, we can return an object. So we've got a simple regular expression here that just checks whether or not the value is any upper case letter between A to Z, one or more times. And that constitutes the whole of the value from start to finish, and the regular expression should be global. So that should be all we need. We can use the test method of the regular expression to test it again the value of the control. And if we find that it is all in upper case, we can return this object with a not all caps key and a message that says, no shouting please. So this is much simpler than the validation directive that we created in the last lesson. So now, we'll want to use this in the feedback components. So first of all we'll need to import it there. The message control that we create in the ngOnInit, already has the required validator, so we should use the compose method to compose the existing validator with the new one that we've just created. As our validator contains a function which returns the actual validator, we should invoke the function that we imported in order to pass the actual validator function to Angular. So last of all, let's add a new error message for this in the template. That should be all we need to do. So let's go back to the browser now. And let's open up the feedback form, and let's add a shouty message. Okay, so it looks like the custom validator is working. So, in this lesson we saw how to create a custom validator function that we can use with our reactive forms. The validator function is much simpler without the additional directive stuff in there, and using the custom validator in the component couldn't be any easier. We use it almost as if it was just one of Angular's own built-in validators. The only trade off is that we can't use this validator in a template-driven form, not without wrapping it in a directive. Thanks for watching.